The Curtiss JN-4 Jenny – America’s First War Aircraft!
The Curtiss JN-4 Jenny served American Flyers as a first line trainer during the Great War. When they reached Europe, the Newport and Spad where the fighters of renown. But the Jenny first saw service as a scout plane in 1916 looking for Pancho Villa, who led a band of Mexican Bandits, which crossed the U.S. Border, attacking Columbus, New Mexico. The Jenny was used as a patrol plane and entered service as part of the First Aero Squadron.
After the Jenny went through many modifications after the Mexico expedition, it served as the primary trainer for American pilots. The Jenny finally reached its highest modification in the JN-4D model and was produced in large numbers. Many famous American Pilots flew their first time in a Jenny, such as Charles Lindbergh and Doolittle. The famous Jenny also served as the Nations first Air Mail Carrier, and the Jenny N-9 one of the first Seaplanes to take off and land from the water.
Fun Facts for December
Dec. 1st, 1955
Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to give up her seat to the white man. The arrest resulted in a year-long boycott of the bus system. Her actions resulted the beginning of the American Civil Rights Movement. Jim Crow Laws and Racial Segregation eventually ended because of Rosa’s decision that day.
Dec. 2nd, 1804
Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of France.
Dec. 2nd, 1823
U.S. President Monroe introduces the Monroe Doctrine. This published Doctrine prohibited any further colonization of the North and South American Continents. Foreign powers could not invade to collect debt and that America would consider such an attempt as “dangerous to our peace and safety. . .”
Dec. 3rd, 1962
Edith Sampson was the first African American Female Judge sworn into office as an associate Judge in Chicago, Illinois.
George A. Custer was born in Ohio. A graduate of West Point, he joined the U.S. Cavalry during the Civil War and served under General Sheridan. Custer fought at Gettysburg and during many of the later Virginia battles including the last one and witnessed Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House. He was killed with 256 Officers and Men at the Battle of Little Big Horn in Montana fighting the Sioux Nation.
Dec. 7th, 1941
With no warning, the Japanese Imperial Empire attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. Over 3,00 Americans were killed, and this attack brought the U.S. in to the War.
Dec. 11th, 1901
Guglielmo Marconi transmitted the very first transatlantic Radio Signal from Cornwall, England, to St. John’s Newfoundland.
Dec. 14th, 1896
General James Doolittle is born in California. Doolittle leads the very first air raid on Japan during WWII. His squadron of B-25 Bombers perform unheard-of takeoffs from the carrier deck of the USS Hornet. Doolittle later commands the Eighth Air Force in England during the Normandy Invasion. He received the Medal of Honor.
Dec. 16th, 1773
Colonial Rebels disguise themselves an Mohawk Indians, and board British ships in Boston Harbor. Called the Boston Tea Party, over 342 huge containers filled with British Tea is gloriously dumped into the harbor waters.
Famous Big Band Leader Glenn Miller disappears during WWII flying over the English Channel and presumed lost. Plane and Crew are never found.
The Battle of the Bulge begins in the Ardennes Forest. The Germans launch a surprise counter-attack and aided but winter, fog, snow, cloudy skies, penetrate some 60 miles through allied lines. Bastogne is surrounded. The attack is finally stopped in its tracks by Montgomery and Patton.
Dec. 17th, 1777
General George Washington moves his small Continental Army to Valley Forge for the Winter. Valley Forge is close to Philadelphia, where the British are billeted. It is at Valley Forge where the Continental soldier becomes a front-line soldier equal to the British.
Orville and Wilbur Wright make their first of four successful powered flights at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. The age of the airplane is born. .
Dec. 19th, 1998
President Bill Clinton is impeached by the U.S. Congress. This involved two Articles of Impeachment regarding lying to the federal grand jury and obstructing justice.
Dec. 21st, 1945
General George Patton dies in Germany after suffering from injuries in a car accident.
Dec. 23rd, 1947
Bell Laboratories sparks a revolution in electronics and radio with the invention of the Transistor by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley. They are awarded the Nobel prize for their invention.
Christmas Day! The birth of Jesus of Nazareth. It is celebrated all over the world on December 25th, especially by the Western Roman Catholic Church and Protestant Churches. Christmas has been celebrated since 336 A.D.
NEW YEAR’S EVE is the final day of the year for the Gregorian calendar year. Traditionally it is a night for marry-making to welcome in the new year, which is looked upon with hope.
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